What is the Difference Between Eau de Toilette and Eau de Parfum
A common question we often encounter is, “what is the difference between Eau de Toilette and Eau de Parfum?”. To understand this, we need to take a look at how fragrances are created.
The first ingredient in any fragrance is the ‘perfume essence’. This component is very important, as it’s the part that actually creates the smell. It can be a combination of essential oils such as lime, cedar wood, sandalwood etc. There may also be animal extracts like musk or ambergris, and there can also be absolutes such as jasmine, rose, neroli. You may also have synthetic fragrance.
This base essence can actually be quite unpleasant by itself as it is highly concentrated, so it needs to be diluted. This is achieved by mixing the essence with alcohol and water.
Types of Fragrance
Generally speaking, there are four main categories of fragrance:
The word ‘perfume’ comes from the Latin “per” meaning “through”, and “fumare” meaning “smoke”. As discussed already, the perfume you see in a shop is not the pure perfume essence, and has been diluted. Having said this, perfume is the most concentrated of all the fragrance options, and is therefore the most expensive.
Perfume will usually contain 15-40% pure perfume extract, and will have slightly thicker, oilier consistency than other fragrance types. It is commonly sold in ‘stopper bottles’ and not sprays, which is a good thing as it is too strong to spray all over. Only a small amount is needed, which is why it tends to be sold in smaller sizes.
Although strong, it’s also the most beautiful of all the fragrance types, as it has a depth of scent through the whole range, which is released slowly over a period of time. Perfume is applied directly to the skin on pulse spots – insides of the wrists, behind the ears, at the throat, and it the longest lasting of all the fragrance categories.
Eau de Perfume/Parfum
This uses the same essence as perfume, only it uses less of it and has more water and alcohol. This makes it a little lighter and therefore it usually doesn’t last quite as long as perfume. After the top notes have faded, the middle notes become more noticeable.This makes Eau de Parfum perfect to spray on hair or clothing, although caution is necessary as it can stain some delicate fabrics.
As Eau de Parfum lighter, many people actually find this preferable to the heavier smell of perfume. Additionally, it is usually cheaper than perfume too. There will usually be 10-20% perfume essence in Eau de Parfum, and you will find it sold in normal bottles or sprays. If a spray is used, it shouldn’t still be used in small amounts.
Eau de Toilette
This is even lighter than Eau de Parfum and is usually sold in spray bottles. It can be sprayed more liberally due to it’s lightness, and the high alcohol content means it fades fairly quickly. This type of fragrance is typically used day to day, as it is less intense than other types, and even if you spray too much, it will calm down pretty quickly. Usually, there will be 4-15% pure perfume essence in Eau de Toilette.
With a similar concentration as cologne, Eau de Toilette and cologne are the most popular types of fragrance sold, and are particularly appropriate for the summer.
Eau de Cologne
Often simply known as “Cologne”, Eau de Cologne has specific blends of fragrances that form this category. They are typically light, fresh and fruity, and contain the essential oils, orange, lemon and bergamot and also the absolute neroli. They can also contain the essential oils rosemary and lavender. They tend to be considered as the lower end of the fragrance range as far as concentration is concerned.
Nowadays, Eau de Cologne is often used to describe the most diluted version of a perfume, typically 2-5%. Rarely used in expensive perfumes, these types tend to be more of a splash-on sort of fragrance, and because it doesn’t last long, it can be frequently reapplied directly to the skin. It tends to be sold in larger sizes of up to 200ml and is often applied as a spray.
We hope our brief guide has answered the question of what is the difference between Eau de Toilette and Eau de Parfum. If you found this useful please share the article with your friends and family, and if you’re shopping for some Eau de Toilette or Eau de Parfum, why not take a look at our fantastic range of fragrances and special offers.